The Emirate of Umm Al Quwain is located in the Northwest of the country of the U.A.E. and overlooks the Arabian Gulf and Peninsula coastline stretching along 150 kilometers between Emirates Sharjah, Ras al Khaimah and extends its territory at home about 32 km and has an area of Umm Al Quwain, about 720 km 2 and is equivalent to 1% of the country area. Umm Al Quwain has a semi-desert climate with high temperature and humidity during the summer months but the humidity varies on averages from month to month, the weather is moderated most of the winter months with irregular rainfall.
Umm Al Quwain’s surface is sandy with saline land in neighboring parts of the coast, Falaj Al Mualla features fertile soils located in Al Batha Valley high above sea level and located at a distance of 52 km South East of the town of Umm Al-Quwain.
The current ruler of the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain Sheikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla (May God protect him), Member of the Supreme Council marched on his father's policies in supporting the Federal process and efforts in providing a decent life for the people of the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain, and according to the system of Government in the United Arab Emirates, Umm Al Quwain is an efficient and active member of the Union with the Principality's Government overseeing local affairs and include local chambers.
Although the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain is small sized relatively, it is rich in heritage and historical relics dating back to pre-Christ periods, and it is said that the name (Umm Al Quwain) is derived from the ancient name ”Al Quwatain” is a reference to the powers in the area of crossing the sea, with its people famous for their navigation skills, and it’s a historical fact supported by the relics and historical monuments detected in the island.